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  • Writer's pictureMellissa Hamley

Different Types of Therapy


(Carl Rogers)

Under this type of this therapy it is believed that, given a set of conditions, a person has the capacity to change, growth. You may hear about 3 of these conditions, commonly referred to as “The Core Conditions”. They are: Empathy, Unconditional Positive Regard and Congruence. This type of therapy can also be referred to as client-led, as the therapist who is purely person-centred will not be leading or directive.


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

(Dr. Aaron T. Beck)

The Cognitive Model is based on the idea that a person’s perception about the situation, is more influential to their behaviour, than the actual situation itself. You may have heard of unhelpful, or automatic thoughts. CBT is designed to challenge and change those thoughts and beliefs, in order to help someone change their behaviour. In its purest form, CBT is time-bound and structured, and often includes homework for you to do between sessions with your therapist.



Comes from Psychoanalysis, and focusses on the idea that your past experiences, as well as your unconscious mind, can be impacting on you today. In this type of therapy, you will be encouraged to explore your childhood and any key or important relationships growing up. It is typically a longer form therapy.


Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)

(Francine Shapiro)

It was originally created to help ease the distress linked to disturbing and traumatic life events. The eye movement element of the process is thought to be linked to the REM we experience when asleep. The idea is to change the meaning of the painful life event on an emotional level.


Creative Therapy

Creative therapy uses a number of different techniques to help you explore ways to express yourself, particularly if you struggle to find the words. It can include music, dance, writing, sand therapy or other creative arts.


Integrative / Eclectic

Both of these are types of therapy that will mix and match approaches best suited to you. Therapists using this type of therapy usually believe that no one approach suits everyone, hence using a variety of methods. Some will use a specific integrative model, but all can explain how they will work with you.

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